Deer Fern - Blechnum spicant Native Ornamental
Hardy evergreen fern. Great for the landscape. Grows in best in full to partial shade in organically rich, acidic soil. Does best in moist conditions but will tolerate some drought once established. Cut back in early spring to stimulate new years growth.
Height: 60-120 (1-2), Spread: 60cm (2 ft)
Licorice Fern - Polypodium glycyrrhiza Native Ornamental
Hardy evergreen fern – great for planting in hanging baskets. Grows naturally on moss covered rocks and trees. Plant in acidic loamy soil in full to partial shade. Plants require minimal soil depth and are becoming very popular in living walls. Roots have light licorice flavor and smell, used by some aboriginal groups in teas to help sooth stomach pains.
Height: 10-40cm (4-16in) Spread: 40-50cm (16-20in)
Maidenhair Fern - Adiantum aleuticum Native Ornamental
A truly elegant and graceful deciduous fern. Tender green fronds atop of purple - black wiry stems. Grows best in full shade in organically rich, acidic soil. Cut back in late fall or early spring as foliage dies back.
Height: 60-85cm (2 ft), Spread: 60cm (2 ft)
Ostrich Fern - Matteuccia struthiopteris Edible Fiddle Heads
Fiddle heads anyone? While first nations groups ate various ferns, it is the Ostrich fern that produces the tasty fiddle heads that are becoming increasingly popular in local farmers markets. Like most ferns it prefers partial shade or filtered sun and does best in rich acidic soil. The golden fronds can reach up to 1.5m tall and therefore should be planted in an area that provides some protection from strong winds that can knock them down. The Ostrich fern is deciduous and needs to be cut back in the fall.
Height: 1-1.5m (3-4.5ft) Spread: 1m (3ft)
* spread is for individual plants, ferns will slowly spread out throughout area
Sword Fern - Polystichum munitum Native Ornamental
Popular Pacific West Coast hardy evergreen fern. Long dark green fronds – great for under-story shady plantings. Large size makes a dramatic statement in the landscape. Does best in moist acidic soil, rich in organic content but tolerates drought once established.
Height: 60-90cm (2-3 ft) Spread: 60-90cm (2 ft-3 ft)