Native Trees Edible Berries Ferns Native Flowers and Pollinators Groundcovers
Arbutus - Arbutus menziesii
A very distinct BC Coastal evergreen tree with large glossy leaves and beautiful reddish bark that peels off in thin sheets. Requires very well drained slightly alkaline soil. Performs best in rocky soil with minimal organic content. Once planted it does not transplant well – choose site carefully. Drought tolerant - only limited watering required once established. Produces limited amounts of fragrant white flowers followed by clusters of orange/red berries. Very hard wood.
Height: 10m + (30 ft) Spread: varies
* trees are slower growers, and can grow much larger in nature but rarely larger in an urban setting.
Pacific Crabapple - Malus diversifolia Edible Fruit
Attractive Native tree that produces white to light pink flowers in the spring followed by cherry size red/yellow crab-apples. Fruit is quite sour and while a food source of some First Nations Groups they are generally left on the tree to attract and feed birds. The thorny branching is great for creating secure habitat for birds. Grows in both full sun and partial shade – requires well draining slightly acidic organically rich soil.
Height: 2-8m (6-25ft) Spread: 2-6m (6-18ft)
Western Flowering Dogwood - Cornus nuttallii Native Ornamental
British Columbia's provincial flower. Medium sized deciduous tree that produces beautiful greenish white flowers with purple tips in the spring. Does best in well drained soil with plenty of organic mater. Grows well in both partial shade and full sun. Once established only requires minimal watering. Aboriginal groups used the wood for bows, arrows and tools and medicinal uses.
Height: Up to 20m (68ft) Spread: Up to 10m (34ft)